Note: There are several in-progress chapters still remaining in this book. However, they will be completed in the next month and buyers of this "Edition Zero" will receive them when they are finished. I will upload each chapter to the "curriculum" that you receive access to when you purchase this Edition Zero, as it is finished.
In addition, the page numbers are still being finalized, so any time this version refers to a page or chapter, you will see "XX". This will be resolved in the finished book.
Other note: I hope that soon I will be able to order a printed version of this book to be shipped to you in addition to the digital copy that you might want to pre-purchase now. I will email the folks who bought the PDF when the print version is printed and ready. The cost will be $40 plus $18 shipping, which is simply the difference between the PDF and print copy, so you can have it now and also later, for the same price. Unfortunately, the printed copy will not contain all the chapters that have not yet been completed. However, when the rest of the book is finished, I will email the PDF of the extra pages (I estimate about 40-60 pages) to you so you can print them out. Or you can hang in there and order just the print copy for $140 plus $18 shipping.
This book presents a year-long curricular framework for the proficiency-based, communicative language classroom unlike anything I have ever seen. It contains six instructional cycles organized around literacy foci: Narration, Description, Information, and Opinion/Argumentation. These cycles build upon each other and spiral back to literacy work that builds in complexity to provide a pathway to strong writing performance as students move through the program, through the year and through the years that your students spend with you.
You can use this program to make your students' learning explicit to them, to show them tangible, achievable literacy goals that you model to them over the course of the year, gradually building in complexity that aligns to the Writing Continuua for Description, Narration, Information, and Opinion/Argumentation. You will be showing them explicit modeling of the exact writing moves that they can take up in their own writing, with the support of Anchor Charts that teach explicit, achievable literacy moves that will build cross-curricular, Common-Core-aligned literacy for your students.
You can use the instructional cycles and assessment materials in this book to teach second- and third-year language classes who have had a rich diet of communicatively-embedded language input in their first and second year(s). It can also be used, with the Catch-Up Cycles of Description and Narration that are included at the end of the PDF, to design a first-year curriculum.
This book contains the Guided Oral Input strategies for the instructional cycles on Description and Narration. The instructional strategies to provide Guided Oral Input in the Informational and Opinion/Argument cycles will be available for purchase later, as a separate supplement. However, if you purchase the download prior to July 31, I will send you the supplements for free, to reward you for your patience as I complete the work. I hope to have the Information Guided Oral Input strategies completed by the end of September.
Please see below for a notice to the buyer of this Edition Zero, and the table of Contents which tells you what parts are completed (bold) and the parts that are still in development.
Notice to the Buyer of Edition Zero
Thank you for purchasing this book, Edition Zero of Stepping Stones: Year One and Beyond. Due to the timing of the school year, and my desire to have as much of this information in your hands as soon as possible, I am selling this partially-completed version. It will provide enough information to get you started for the 2019-20 school year, and provide plenty of food for thought as you prepare for the next school year.
It will introduce you to what is, as far as I know, a new way to conceptualize your instructional cycles for next school year — literacy-focused World Language instruction that is organized around various real-world genres, or language functions, namely Description, Narration, Information, and Opinion/Argumentation. This way of organizing the curriculum is revolutionary, in my opinion, based on what I have seen in the years that I have been following this work. It builds cross-curricular literacy, incorporates Common Core and common-sense literacy goals, and provides a system of authentic portfolio assessment and materials by which to assign grades and/or help students set learning targets that are not at odds with the way we acquire languages, nor with the recommendations of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL).
Because I want you to have enough time to learn this system, which will be new to many teachers, I have chosen to release this book in a partially-completed format, so you can begin learning and planning for next year. This book contains all the outlines for the six cycles of instruction that comprise the Beyond Year One curriculum, plus two cycles that I call the “Catch-Up Track”, Description and Narration, which are written for students who are not yet ready for the literacy work in the first cycle of Beyond Year One, Description within Narration. These Catch-Up Cycles are found at the very end of the PDF, after the Appendices.
Teachers of first-year students can use the Catch-Up Cycles to begin this work with their first-year classes. In fact, in this first year of working with a new system, teachers might be well-advised to use the Catch-Up Track with their first- and second-year classes, perhaps occasionally selecting different input strategies for each year from the list provided in the cycle outlines, if their second-year classes have already worked extensively with certain suggested input activities. Thus, this book can be used to replace Year One: A Natural Approach to the Year or just to reorganize the work you have already been doing with Year One into genre-based units.
Even second-year students who have already had a full year of experience with Year One: A Natural Approach to the Year or other comprehension-based approaches will find the program provided herein a new way to learn in the World Language classroom. As far as I know, no first- and second-year, or even third-year, students on the planet have ever experienced a curriculum like this:daily literacy work that scaffolds them to higher performance on finely-articulated Writing Continuua, and also supports cross-curricular literacy in their stronger language(s).
You can plan a year of instruction for a first-year class by following the Catch-Up Track, explained later in this book, or you can even use the Catch-Up Track for your second- and third-year classes, and perhaps even fourth-year classes, by modifying the content while keeping the strategies, schedule, and literacy goals the same for all your classes.In fact, that might be the best course of action, as it will allow you to focus on how the system outlined in this book functions, without having a bunch of preps to contend with. Once you read the cycles in the body of this book and the Catch-Up Track, you can decide for yourself if it makes sense to follow that advice, given your goals and your students’ needs.
In order to get this book into your hands in time for you to digest its contents and plan for the year, I have had to curtail my ambitions to get the whole thing written before releasing the first version. So, in this book, you will only find detailed descriptions of the Guided Oral Input strategies for the cycles pertaining to working with the descriptive and narrative genres.Those cycles are: Description and Narration, the two “Catch-Up” cycles, and the Beyond Year One cycles, Cycle One, Description within Narration, and Cycle Two, Description within Narration in the Past and Historical Biographies.
In each cycle outline, which begin on page XX, you will find lists of possible Guided Oral Input strategies for each of the four phases of the cycle.Some of the strategies might be familiar to you; others will be new. I will be working to release the strategies for the remaining cycles, and my strong intention is to have them done as soon as is humanly possible. I will release supplements to this version of the book when I have completed the writing of any additions.If you purchase this version prior to July 31, all future supplements that complete the cycles detailed herein will be posted in our online school free of charge for you, to acknowledge your patience and also your trust in my ability to get those supplements written for you. I will send all of the buyers of this book an email letting you know when the updated PDF is available.
I am beside myself with happiness and optimism for our little corner of the teaching profession, because up till now, we have not had such a flexible, engaging curriculum that provides strong direction for teachers, explicit goals for students, and also the maximum flexibility and creativity in order to allow for teachers’ and students’ voices and interests, as well as required content such as AP and IB themes, to have a strong influence on the curriculum.
As we have been working with these materials in our 2019 Summer Institutes this summer, I have been quite moved when, at the end of the week, teachers share what they will take back to the classroom with them from their work with us. Overwhelmingly, the teachers share that they will take back the daily instructional framework and the unit planning centered around various genres of language. They say that they will implement the daily focus on literacy through the use of Anchor Charts, and using Goal Boxes during daily Shared Writing, and also the assessment materials that align with the writing teaching points used on the Anchor Charts, and the engaging, low-prep, strategies that I have selected to align with the language goals. Basically, Summer Institute participants are saying that the most valuable learning they will take back to the classroom this fall is what you are now holding in your hands.
I am so pleased that you have chosen to learn more about this system, and honored beyond belief that you have put your faith in my vision and have plunked down your hard-earned money to learn about what I have been cooking up. I assure you that this book contains the fruit of eighteen years of totally nerding out on literacy education and best practices in instruction and assessment in many areas of literacy development, and it is the very best that I can do for you at this time. It is my baby, my brainchild, and I am just extremely proud of what I have created. Thank you for buying my book.
If you want to purchase a subscription to an online community that will work through this book and the materials together as the year gets started and then throughout the year, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. I have been working hard to find warm, supportive, capable, talented coaches to guide you through the implementation of the ideas provided herein. They will be working alongside me to support and coach you through the cycles as the year unfolds. It is of the utmost importance to me that you succeed in this work.It is of the utmost importance to me that your students, through your hard work, dedication, talent, and passion for teaching, succeed, feel empowered, and have a bright spot in their day where success and growth are practically inevitable.
Welcome to the journey; I am so very glad to have you along this school year!
Table of Contents
5 Notice to the Buyer of Edition Zero
8A Word from Tina
12 Chapter One: Introduction
15 Chapter Two: What goes in is what comes out
21 Chapter Three: Beginning the year to build community
42 Chapter Four: Community and student voice and choice
58 Chapter Five: Sequencing the year to meet your students’ needs
60 Chapter Six: Planning Considerations and Using the Daily Dose of Language, a Daily Lesson Planning Framework
85 Chapter Seven: The Cycles
142 Interstitial Section: The Daily Dose of Language Teaching
145 Chapter Eight: The Daily Dose of Language Step One:Norming the Class
152 Chapter Nine: The Daily Dose of Language Step Two:Reading Workshop
183 Chapter Ten: The Daily Dose of Language Step Three:Guided Oral Input — Strategies for Description and Narration
240Chapter Eleven: The Daily Dose of Language Step Four:Scaffolded Oral Review Strategies
261 Chapter Twelve:The Daily Dose of Language Step Five:Shared Writing Strategies
286 Chapter Thirteen: The Daily Dose of Language Step Six:Shared Reading Strategies for Class-Created Text
296 Chapter Fourteen: The Daily Dose of Language Step Six:Using Shared reading and Writing to Bridge into Language Study (Partially Finished)*
309 Chapter Fifteen: The Daily Dose of Language Step Six:Shared Reading Strategies for More-Challenging Text (Partially Finished)*
310 Chapter Sixteen: The Daily Dose of Language Step Seven:Strategies for Student Application and Formative Assessment (Partially Finished)*
311 Chapter Seventeen: Typical Performance and Proficiency Levels
342 Chapter Eighteen: Checkpoint Assessments (In Progress; this chapter is blank now.)*
343 Chapter Nineteen: Summative Portfolio Assessment (In Progress; this chapter is blank now.)*
344 Chapter Twenty: Cultural Comparisons (In Progress; this chapter is blank now.)*
345 Chapter Twenty-One: Special Considerations for Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Programs (Partially Finished)*
348 Chapter Twenty-Two: Special Considerations for Native and Heritage Speakers (In Progress; this chapter is blank now.)*
349 Chapter Twenty-Three: Special Considerations for Elementary-Age Learners
357 Chapter Twenty-Four: Special Considerations for Non-Cognate or Non-Alphabetic Languages, and for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (In Progress; this chapter is blank now.)*
358 Chapter Twenty-Five: Special Considerations for Accommodations and Differentiation for Students with Learning Differences, Including Gifted Learners (Partially Finished)*
361 Chapter Twenty-Six: Special Considerations for Block Scheduling and Irregular Schedules*
369 Afterword: Those Who Can, Teach.And Those Who REALLY Can, Teach in Another Language (Partially Finished)*
*In development — I will send you a notification via email when they are done. I’m working on them!!
370 Appendix A: Guidelines for Writing Mentor Texts for Novice, Intermediate, and Advanced Students and What Makes the Mentor Texts “Work” **
372 Appendix B: Academic Card Talk and Academic Small Talk prompts to bridge students to intermediate and advanced themes/topics and language functions, including AP- and IB-theme-specific prompts, Academic One Word Images ***
381 Appendix C: Rubrics and Materials to Support Summative Portfolio Assessments (Note:Due to pagination issues in this draft, the materials are found at the end of the book.)
382 Appendix D: Student Reflection on Portfolios
385 Appendix E: Graphic Organizers to Model and Scaffold Intermediate and Advanced Writing and Speaking*
386 Appendix F: Writing Continuua to Help Students See and Plan Their Progress through Intermediate Performance in Writing and Speaking
(Note: Due to pagination issues in this draft, the materials are found at the end of the book.)
387 Appendix G: Reading workshop mini-lessons to teach routines, procedures, and reading moves to deepen students’ interpretive reading and interpersonal communication about texts
400 Appendix H: The End of the Year Classroom Library Books Project
404 Appendix I: Bellringers and Do-Nows by Jon Cowart
406 Appendix J: Sample Daily Dose-Aligned Weekly Packet modified from Jon Cowart’s Packet
408 Appendix K: The Word-Off
413 Appendix L: Visual Lecture on Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
421 Appendix M: Classroom Management Excerpt from Year One: A Natural Approach to the Year
**Will have additional information added.
***IB prompts are there, but will need to be revised based on IB 2020 exam;AP will be added, and Small Talk prompts.
Not Numbered: Rubrics and Continuua
Not Numbered: Supplement: Catch-Up Track:Description and Narration
Tina Hargaden has been a K-12 educator for 14 years, and has taught middle and high school English Language Arts, Reading, Social Studies, French, Spanish and ESOL. Her passion is supporting teachers to strengthen their literacy instruction, design courses that foster efficient and lasting language acquisition, and implement authentic performance assessment, because it is her firm belief that when we shift our language instruction to a proficiency stance, we help ensure equitable access to academic success for more students. She lives in Portland, Oregon and is the founder of the World Language Proficiency Project and CI Liftoff. Tina is the co-author of the book, Year-One:A Natural Approach to the Year, which provides step-by-step guidance for a year of communicative, proficiency-oriented World Language instruction. She has presented and keynoted at numerous state, regional, and national conferences, worked with many school districts and departments, and given workshops and institutes to educators all over to support them in strengthening language outcomes for all students.